According to the International Olympic Committee (IOC), it is estimated that the number of consultations in the world due to musculoskeletal (tendons, muscles, bones) sports injuries exceeds 100 million cases per year, 50% of which are related to tendons and ligaments.

The IOC states that these injuries lead to an important decrease in sports performance, reduce functional capacities at work, and have a negative influence in the ability of the general population to exercise. A high percentage of these injuries is difficult to treat and many people suffer from pain and long term problems.

Whether we practice sports occasionally or professionally, the cause of most injuries becomes apparent during these three following actions:

  • Intense repetitive movements
  • Overworking that leads to a weakening of bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and muscles
  • Insufficient muscle warm-up before training

Available research demonstrates that when you practice a sport, the massive pressure on your joints causes two major phenomena: it dehydrates tissues, making them more vulnerable, and it increases the risk of trauma.
All sports involving repetitive movements and sudden high-speed stops can cause damage. Therefore, when there is an impact, tendons, ligaments, muscles and cartilage may become cracked, especially on the surface of joint tissues, generating weaker scarred tissues.

How to avoid tendonitis and injuries during sports?

It is important to take care of your muscles, tendons and ligaments before, during and after a sport activity to avoid injuries. Here are some tips and examples to guide you:

Before sport

  • Use the right equipment to practice your sport. Per example, a good running shoe will provide adequate support during your strides
  • Drink enough water to properly hydrate yourself
  • Prepare your muscles and joints with an active warm-up

During Sport

  • Focus on quality over quantity. Proper movement prevent sport injuries
  • Start your activity slowly and listen to your body

After sport

  • Stretching after sport will release tension in muscles and tendons
  • Take days off to avoid overworked muscles and joints. Actually, rest days are as important as sport itself!

It is important to always listen to your body. If you feel some pain, take rest days. In case of persistent pain, do not hesitate to consult a health practitioner.

Prevention is always the best way to avoid injuries!