What is cartilage?
Cartilage is a connective tissue found in the human body, particularly within joints. It plays a crucial role in joint mobility and flexibility. It is located at the end of long bones, covering the joint surfaces where they contact other bones. This allows for smooth, pain-free movement.
Cartilage is primarily composed of water (approximately 60 to 80% of its mass), collagen, and various specialized cells. Collagen provides the structure and strength to the cartilage, while other components attract and retain water, giving cartilage its cushioning properties. Acting as a cushion between the bones within a joint, it distributes the forces and pressure generated by movements, enabling a smooth gliding motion of the joint.